Caritas Nigeria was established in September 2010 by the Catholic Bishops Conference of Nigeria (CBCN), as a specialized national development agency with a mandate for overall coordination of development programs of the Catholic Church in Nigeria.

It is also an arm of the Church and Society Department of the Catholic Secretariat of Nigeria (CSN). Though The legal name of the organization is Catholic Caritas Foundation of Nigeria (CCFN), she is popularly known and addressed Caritas Nigeria.