TOR for an External Evaluation of EA31/2016

TOR for an External Evaluation of EA31/2016

These Terms of Reference should be adapted to the context. These can also be used as a resource to guide internal reviews.   

TITLE

Catholic Caritas Foundation of Nigeria EA 31/2016/Nigeria/Lake Chad Basin Crisis Final External Evaluation

BACKGROUND

This section should include a brief description of:

-the history of the programme, including its objectives, main activities, budgetary information, duration;

The Emergency Appeal Programme as launched by Caritas Internalis (EA31/2016) was borne out of the huge humanitarian crisis in the Lake Chad Basin of Nigeria, occassioned the massive scale of hostilities orchestrated by some terrorist groups in the North-East of Nigeria, popularly known as Boko Haram. UN OCHA in 2015/2016 reported 2.2 million persons as being displaced by this crisis, with a slight improvement to about 1.7 million persons are still internally displaced as at 2017, there are still large scale displacements in Borno and Admawa States with reports of forced returns of some IDPs to areas that are still not very safe and secure. There have been continuous reports of massive violations of human rights on a daily basis. The food security situation has been extremely concerning, as conflict continues to limit the amount of land under cultivation and 3.7 million persons are expected to face critical levels of food insecurity during the upcoming lean season (June through September 2018).

 

Project Objective: Improved access to Nutrition, Livelihoods, WASH, and Health of 9,000 vulnerable IDPs, returnees and host community members in Hawul and Askira Uba local government areas of Borno State, in North Eastern Nigeria.

 

– The relationship between the programme and past/future interventions;

-The main stakeholders of the programme (e.g. CI MOs; Diocesan Caritas, local Church, local government, the UN, peer agencies etc.); the partnerships and frameworks of collaboration;

The Project is run with support from CI-MOs. Caritas Nigeria is the coordinating body with direct interface with Caritas Internationalis, while JDPC Maiduguri is the direct implementing body. The project is implemented using a vast array of Community mobilizers, Volunteers, Field officers and Extension Agents, who work to ensure overall project success.

-The rationale for the evaluation.

Amongst many reasons, the rationale for the proposed Evaluation includes the following:

  • The reason activities have or have not been implemented as planned or were adapted?
  • Did the intervention have an impact? Why or why not? How and for whom did it have an impact?
  • To what extent can the measured or observed changes be attributed to the intervention?
  • Did the intervention have any unintended consequences?
  • Is the intervention cost effective? Can the cost be compared with alternatives to investment, in other words, could the results have been reached with less input?

 

If the intervention was successful, can it be replicated to other settings and if so, in which settings?  Can it be adapted, replicated or built on to increase its reach or scope (for a larger population or a different region)?

 

OBJECTIVES

The final evaluation will focus on the following key objectives:

  • Assess the relevance, appropriateness, effectiveness, accountability and impact/sustainability of the programme;
  • Assess the effectiveness of the leadership of Caritas Nigeria in coordinating the dioceses and CI MOs within the EA31 2016
  • Identify lessons learned, best practices and recommendations to inform future programme design.

KEY QUESTIONS

Relevance/appropriateness

  • Was programme design based on an impartial assessment of needs? Are needs assessments disaggregated by age, sex and disability? Do they include people’s needs, vulnerabilities and capacities?
  • Did the assistance provided by Caritas Nigeria meet the needs of the affected population? Were the persons most in need identified, selected, and supported by the programme?
  • Which parts of the assistance were the most appropriate and why? Which were least appropriate and why? Were activities aligned with the affected population’s needs and priorities?
  • Were recommendations and learning from past reviews and evaluations applied to the response?

Effectiveness

  • Was the response timely?
  • What internal and external factors affected the speed of the response?
  • Was the internal organizational and managerial structure of the project effective?
  • Were there appropriate systems in place to monitor activities, outputs and outcomes of the programme? Did monitoring outcomes inform programme adjustments/revisions?
  • Did the project activities lead towards the achievement of the expected results/indicators as set in the Results Framework?

Accountability

  • To what extent has the affected population been involved in the design or implementation of the programme?
  • Were appropriate systems of downwards accountability (participation, information sharing and feedback/complaints), put in place and used by project participants? Were project participants aware of the feedback/complaints mechanism?
  • Were project participants and communities aware of selection criteria?
  • Were project participants and communities aware of the assistance they should receive?

Coordination

  • How effective was Caritas Nigeria in coordinating internally?
  • How effective was Caritas Nigeria in coordinating the dioceses and CI MOs?
  • How effective was Caritas Nigeria in coordinating with external stakeholders such as other agencies, organisations, the local and national government?
  • What aspects of coordination could be improved in the future and how?

Impact/Sustainability

  • Has Caritas Nigeria’s response strengthened local capacities?
  • What are the intended and unintended, positive and negative effects of the project?
  • What, if any, aspects of the programme will have a longer-term impact?

METHODOLOGY

Example:

The final evaluation will rely on two main evaluation stages (1) design phase (2) field phase

Design phase

  • The evaluator(s) will undertake a desk review of programme documentation including planning documents, project proposals, situation reports and quarterly reports;
  • The evaluator(s) will also review other relevant documentation such as minutes of decision-making meetings, 3W mappings of Caritas Nigeria’s response, consolidated situation reports of Caritas Nigeria’s response (if applicable);
  • The evaluator(s) will review other monitoring and reporting documents from secondary sources (i.e UNHCR reports).
  • If appropriate, the evaluator(s) will obtain feedback from the CI HD on the most relevant sites to visit.

Field phase

  • After the design phase, the evaluator(s) will conduct fieldwork to collect and analyse data in order to answer the evaluation questions;
  • Data collection methods should be inclusive and utilise a range of methods, including focus group discussions and key informant interviews and with key project stakeholders. The use of surveys and other remote data collection tools should also be explored by the evaluators to maximise data collection;
  • The evaluator(s) should ensure a systematic triangulation of data sources and data collection methods and tools, and seek to validate data through regular exchanges with programme staff where appropriate.
  1. EXPECTED OUTPUTS

The evaluator(s) should produce the following key deliverables:

  • Draft Evaluation Report to be submitted to Caritas Nigeria/ CI support mechanism (if applicable) and the CI Humanitarian Department
  • Final Evaluation Report inclusive of:

 

  • Executive Summary
  • Background
  • Introduction
  • Context
  • Description of Methodology
  • Main findings
  • Conclusions inclusive of best practices and lessons learned

USE OF THE EVALUATION RESULTS

The intended audience for the evaluation are Caritas Nigeria key staff, including senior management, CI MOs who have supported the programme, the Caritas Internationalis Humanitarian Department and the Caritas Confederation. Evaluation findings will be shared with programme participants as appropriate.

REQUIRED COMPETENCIES

The competencies required from the External Evaluator are:

  • Advanced degree in social sciences, political sciences, economics, development or related fields;
  • Experience in leading evaluations, especially in the field of humanitarian response;
  • Ability to use participatory approaches to evaluation;
  • Experience of operational management of humanitarian/development programmes;
  • Good knowledge of the local context;
  • Good analytical skills;
  • Excellent writing skills in a CI Confederation language (EN/FR/ES);
  • Any other appropriate language skills;
  • Understanding of the Catholic Church and Caritas structure and mission.

CONSULTANT’S PROPOSAL 

Proposals should include:

  • Proposed evaluation methodology (if different from above);
  • Description of deliverables and a timeline;
  • A financial proposal including the cost implication for other evaluators if any;
  • CV(s) of evaluator(s).

TIME FRAME

Add as many lines as needed to prepare Time Frame plan

Evaluation phase Activities Dates # of Days
Preparatory Initial Rapid Assessments 11-06-2018 1
2. Stakeholder Consultations 11-06-2018 1
Design Proposal Design 12-06-2018 1
2. Set-up of project control mechanisms 12-06-2018 1
3. Selection of priority sectors and locations 12-06-2018 1
Field phase Project Start-up Sensitization 13-06-2018 1
2. Formation and engagement of Community Implementation  committee. 13-06-2018 1
3. Project implementation 13-06-2018 1
4. Monitoring and Evaluation 13-06-2018 1
5. Coordination meetings 13-06-2018 1
Reporting 1st interim report 14-06-2018 1
2. 2nd interim report 14-06-2018 1
3. 3rd interim report 14-06-2018 1
4. Consolidated Situation Reports 14-06-2018 1
5. Final report 15-06-2018 1
Total 5 days

 

 

 

 

END OF PROJECT EVALUATION – TERMS OF REFERENCE

  1. Summary

Caritas Nigeria seeks the services of a Consultant/Evaluator to perform an end of project evaluation of the CRS Nigeria – funded Institutional Capacity Program (ICS). The evaluation shall be carried out in the period in August 2018.

 

  1. Organizational Background

Caritas Nigeria was established in September 2010, by the Catholic Bishops Conference of Nigeria (CBCN), as the specialized national relief and human development agency with the mandate for overall coordination of development and humanitarian programs on behalf of the Catholic Church in Nigeria. The legal name of the organization is Catholic Caritas Foundation of Nigeria (CCFN), it is known as Caritas Nigeria.  

 

The Catholic Church in Nigeria has a total of 55 dioceses grouped into nine provinces which cover the entire geographical spread of Nigeria. Caritas Nigeria serves as the umbrella organization supporting these regional institutions to implement development-oriented programs based on local needs. As part of the universal mission, Caritas Nigeria targets beneficiaries by rights and need, and not based on creed, race or nationality.

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Project Background

The Institutional Capacity Strengthening Initiative (ICS) is a five-year project aimed at strengthening the institutional capacity of Catholic Church development structures (specifically JDPC units) for better quality and improved coordination of programs.

This project will further empower the Caritas Nigeria lead Church Dioceses and Provinces in a participatory organizational self-assessment and action planning process through the Holistic Organizational Capacity Assessment Initiative (HOCAI) mechanism. This initiative will be conducted Province by Province over a five years period.

This plan is a core component of Caritas Nigeria’s national mandate as outlined by the Catholic Bishop Conference of Nigeria (CBCN). This mandate provides for Caritas Nigeria to strengthen the institutional capacity of Catholic Church development structures and coordinate programs and interventions.

The first year of the program implementation began in Benin Province, followed by Abuja Province in 2015. 2016 saw the program being implemented in Calabar and Owerri provinces, while Jos and Kaduna Provinces benefitted from the program in 2017. Currently now its fifth and final year, the program will be implemented in Lagos and Ibadan provinces.

To achieve the strategic objective of the program, the following activities are conducted:

  • Baseline Assessment
  • Capacity Building Workshops
  • Resource Mobilization Workshop
  • Disbursement of Small Grant to JDPCs
  • Technical Assistance to Partners
  • Coordination Meetings
  • Monitoring Visit
  • Endline Assessment

 

III. The audience for the Review

The primary audiences for the evaluation are Caritas Nigeria and Catholic Relief Services (CRS). The review will also benefit other stakeholders, including the beneficiaries of the work of Caritas Nigeria (JDPCs).

The results of this evaluation are primarily intended for internal use by Caritas Nigeria to inform future improvements and learning. Results and findings will also be shared with the funder, Catholic Relief Services for accountability purposes.

 

  1. Objectives of the Evaluation

The objectives of this evaluation are to:

  1. Undertake an evaluation to assess the projects:
  2. a) Relevance – the extent to which the objectives were consistent with beneficiaries’ needs and priorities
  3. b) Effectiveness – the extent to which the targeted project objectives were achieved (or are expected to be achieved)
  4. c) Sustainability – the extent to which the benefits are likely to continue after the project e
  5. d) Impact – where possible, the long-term effects produced by the project (directly, indirectly, intended, unintended, positive and negative).

The evaluation should assess the above in relation to two central broad questions:

  1. What changes/ outcomes/achievements have taken place?
  2. How have these changes/ outcomes/achievements been brought about?

 

  1. Methodology

The evaluation should consist of:

(a) Review of project documentation: Review of archived material related to the project. This could include, but is not restricted to: annual and quarterly reports, communications between Caritas Nigeria and Catholic Relief Services, the original project proposal document, the basic ‘logic chain’, all relevant project records and data, training materials etc. this information will be provided to the evaluator by Caritas Nigeria. The evaluator would also be expected to review any other relevant statistics and secondary sources.

(b) Development of an evaluation approach and data collection tools / methods: this should include;

  • Detailed time line and work plan
  • Outline of any proposed changes to the scope of the evaluation
  • Key learning questions
  • Proposed sampling framework
  • Development of associated data collection and evaluation tools

(c) Participate in an inception briefing with Caritas Nigeria: This should take place immediately prior to the development of the inception report

(d) Field visits: Field visits will take place in 5 Catholic Dioceses, and should include an agreed sample of participants and stakeholders. This is expected to require between 2 weeks, depending on the exact methodology.

(e) Submit a draft evaluation report that corresponds to the requirements outlined below in the ‘Deliverables’ section.

(f) Submit a final evaluation report: incorporating any relevant feedback from Caritas Nigeria.

 

  1. Deliverables

Deliverables should include the following:

  • An evaluation work plan, including planned timeline, methodology/approach, data collection and analysis tools, qualitative and quantitative protocols for data collection and analysis
  • Any suggested improvements to existing evaluation scope, as outlined in this document
  • Presentation of preliminary findings
  • One (1) electronic file of the clean (final) qualitative and quantitative data collected
  • Final evaluation report

Reporting

The consultant will report to the Caritas Nigeria ICS Program Manager for all issues related to logistics and fieldwork.

Duration & Deadlines

The duration of the contract will be a total of one month, starting from the first of August 2018 to the end of August 2018.

 

VII. Evaluator’s Competencies

Evaluator competencies

  • Sound understanding of Capacity building; Sound knowledge on program development;
  • Knowledge of evaluation activities;
  • Strong research skills;
  • Both quantitative and qualitative data collection and analysis skills;
  • Academic degree in social sciences and other related fields;
  • Demonstrated technical skills in project evaluations;
  • Ability to produce well written, analytical reports in English
  • Prior experiences of evaluating programs will be an added advantage

EXPRESSION OF INTEREST: INFORMATION FOR ALL SUPPLIERS

EXPRESSION OF INTEREST: INFORMATION FOR ALL SUPPLIERS

 

CAFOD

C/O CCFN, Plot 459,

Cadastral Zone B2,

Southern Parkway,

Durumi 1, Abuja-Nigeria.

 

To Whom It May Concern:

 

Expression of Interest – Information for all suppliers

Tender Ref: IDWNGR-1005

TOYOTA –FORTUNER, YEAR: 2017

 

CAFOD office in Nigeria is interested in the purchase of TOYOTA FORTUNER, YEAR of manufacture: 2017, as per the attached list’s specifications. A negotiated procedure is being conducted to identify a suitable supplier for this item.

 

Interested suppliers are invited to submit their completed EXPRESSIONS OF INTEREST for review. The Expression of Interest application consists of the following information that must be reviewed and completed by each applicant:

download complete below:

EXPRESSION OF INTEREST FOR CAFOD VEHICLE_210518

Caritas Nigeria: what do I need to know?

In every country the Catholic Church has an NGO called Caritas

Caritas Nigeria full name is Catholic Caritas Foundation of Nigeria(CCFN), owned and established by Nigerian Bishops in 2010, as a national charity of the Bishops Conference
Caritas Nigeria is a national agency that can support diocesan groups such as St. Vincent de Paul, JDPCs, Catholic health facilities, other Catholic organisations, to better do their work etc

Support can be through trainings and through grants or donations
Caritas Nigeria helps Dioceses respond to emergency situations
Caritas Nigeria supports about 17,000 orphans and vulnerable children
Caritas Nigeria supported dioceses where the flood hit the most e.g Onitsha JDPC, Owerri JDPC, Calabar JDPC, Idah JDPC, Lokoja JDPC, Makurdi JDPC, Otukpo KDPC
Caritas Nigeria Sustain program provides care and treatment to over 40,000 people living with HIV/AIDS

Caritas Nigeria in partnerships with other church organisations supported 294,000 households that could not feed themselves for six months, until the harvest season, in parts of the North
More on What You Need to Know
The Catholic church cares for more than 500,000 poor and needy persons every week through St. Vincent de Paul, Knights of St. Mulumba, Knights of St. John, Legion of Mary, irrespective of their religious affiliation
Every diocese in Nigeria has an arm that fights poverty, ignorance and disease, and it is called JDPC/Caritas
You have been contributing towards helping the poor, prisoners, setting the oppressed free through JDPC/Caritas with your Lenten contribution. 20% comes to Caritas Nigeria.
Sometimes there is an emergency and for immediate relief dioceses turn to the national body for help . Caritas Nigeria is set up to meet this challenge for Diocesan groups.
What Can I Do ?
You have been doing. But do you know that you can do more now that you know you can . No matter how terrible your condition is, there are others who may be in worse situations . Therefore no one is too poor or too helpless to do something. Support this national charity of the Bishops, and the poor you will never meet will witness for you on the last day: I was hungry and you gave me to eat… (Matt. 25:31-40). Be your brother’s/sister’s keeper.
How Can I Support Others ?
Prayer: Pray for a spirit of charity; giving because of God, not giving because you know the person or want to show off or please people or because you are embarassed. Pray also for peace in the world. In Populorum Progressio Pope Paul Vl said the new name for peace is development. Development also means justice. Nigeria is a far cry from justice. 112 million Nigerians live below poverty.17.5 million children in Nigeria are orphans or vulnerable children. Millions of children do not go to school. Many children under 5 suffer malnutrition and 50% of deaths among them is caused by malnutrition. In the midst of this, Nigeria is one of the most corrupt nations of the world. Pray for change. Be an agent of change.
Volunteer: You could become a volunteer fund raiser for Caritas Nigeria. The needs always outweigh the resources. You do have friends. Tell them the Bishops have set up a foundation that supports groups that work for the underprivileged and those in emergency situations, and that their support is needed. You could have a ring of friends who give you donations for Caritas Nigeria no matter how small, and you pay this into Caritas Nigeria accounts.
Monthly/Annual Contribution: You could arrange with your bank that every month an amount is deducted automatically from your salary and paid into CCFN accounts. It could be N500 or more or less. You don’t need to be rich to be a philanthropist. Or as a small business owner, you could pay something everyday as you make your deposit into your account.
10% of Profit Before Tax: If you are a business owner, Schedule 5 of Company and Income Tax Act(CITA) allows you to use 10% of your profit before tax as donation to NGOs. Caritas Nigeria(CCFN) tax identification number is 10487997-001. Donate to CCFN from your profit before tax.
Wills and Bequests: As is done in other parts of the world, you can will a property to Caritas Nigeria.
Special Thanksgiving: When God has done a very special thing in your life, you could make a donation to Caritas Nigeria(CCFN) to mark the occasion.
Tithes: You could also pay your tithes to Caritas Nigeria through its bank accounts.
Items: You could donate food items, toilet items, towels, blankets etc
WARNING
The Bishops have warned that Caritas Nigeria(CCFN) should not depend on funds from overseas, which are dwindling by the way. Bishops want Caritas Nigeria to be owned and supported by ordinary Nigerians. So YOU are a benefactor of Caritas Nigeria(CCFN). Please do something.

Social Transfer for Emergency Response in States affected by Insurgency and Fulani Herdsmen Conflict in Nigeria

In December 2014, Caritas Nigeria implemented an emergency response project that supported 11,060 Households in some dioceses (states) in Nigeria that were affected by the insurgency in the North Eastern part of Nigeria and the Fulani herdsmen conflict in the middle-belt.

The project provided Supplementary Rations in a one-off distribution which addressed food needs Households. The Project initially targeted 2000 families in all. But in view of the overwhelming population of internally displaced persons (IDPs) whose food needs ought to be addressed, and in order for the diocesan Caritas offices not to cause any form of disaffection amongst the IDPS, Caritas Nigeria decided to provide Supplementary Rations in a one-off distribution.

 

Similarly, in October, 2014 Caritas Nigeria also distributed food items to families who fled their homes in Gwoza, Borno state in the wake of massive attacks on them perpetrated by the dreaded Boko Haram Islamic sect, and are now residing in a squatter camp in new Kuchingoro, behind the Games village in Area 1, Abuja.  The food items distributed enabled over 50 Households (approximately 350 individuals) on an average of seven persons per household to address their immediate food needs. These projects were supported by Caritas Internationalis (CI).

 

Integrated Emergency Response (IER)

In late 2012, Caritas Nigeria joined state actors like National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA), CRS, and the Office of the Coordinator for Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) to carry out a joint-assessment of flood-affected areas in Nigeria. Thereafter, Caritas Nigeria partnered with the local diocesan Caritas to distribute food and non-food relief items as well as cash transfers to various communities in five affected states in the wake of the 2012 flooding (Delta, Edo, Anambra, Imo and Cross River States).

In 2013, Caritas Nigeria joined with CAFOD, CRS and Lite Africa to support 6 flood-affected communities namely; Kpakiama, Esanma, Ogbein-ama, Adobu, Bedeseigha and Aven around Bomadi and Patani Local Government Areas in Delta State, through its Integrated Emergency Recovery (IER) program.

 

The IER was a 6-month grant-funded with a focus on addressing immediate needs among more vulnerable groups to reduce the risk of diarrheal disease (through provision of ‘Safe Water’ Kits, Hygiene Promotion and Rehabilitation of damaged boreholes), and to provide support for post-flood survival (through provision of Cash Grants). To complement this, the project supported livelihoods recovery with a focus on agricultural activities.
The goal of the program was “to enable the most vulnerable households affected by the recent flood recover their livelihoods in selected communities in Delta State.” The entire IER program aimed at ensuring that 2,500 households (17,500 vulnerable persons) had adequate access to integrated emergency response, through the provision of unconditional cash transfers, Livelihoods recovery and WASH interventions.

 

One of the beneficiaries of the IER project has this to say; “This is the first time ordinary people like us in this community are actually benefitting from interventions like this. We are grateful to CCFN for reaching out to the poor like us,” – Opuamba Prosper, a member of Bedeseigha community in Delta state.
The program witnessed some behavioural change with regards to improved hygiene practices like hand washing in some of the communities. They also have gone ahead to construct Tippy Tap in some of the schools and homes where Caritas Nigeria conducted sensitization and awareness creation activities.

 

In general, the program was successful within the communities; it met the objectives for which it was implemented. The lives of the beneficiaries were better off with the program; through unconditional cash transfers, which enabled beneficiaries to feed better and meet their basic needs as well as made many to open bank accounts for the first time in their life time; the livelihood component of the program enabled fishermen and farmers to recover their means of livelihood and income generation; and the WASH component led to improved hygiene, sanitation and reduction in the incidence of diseases for 3,500 individuals within the communities.

 

The IER program started from May, 2013 and ended in October, 2013. It was funded by the European Commission Humanitarian Office (ECHO), through the Catholic Agency For Overseas Development (CAFOD) and Catholic Relief Services (CRS) as Prime Recipient.

 

Response to Food Insecurity in the Sahel Region

Caritas Nigeria response to food security in the Sahel Region supported 991 households comprising of 9,798 persons in selected communities in Sokoto, Katsina, Zamfara and Jigawa states, financially through unconditional cash transfers to improve their livelihoods, and they also received hygiene and sanitation education.

The goal of the food security project was to “enhance access to food in the Sahel region in Northern Nigeria at the height of the Sahelian food crisis.” The project was targeted at the poorest and most vulnerable households such as households with large numbers of children and households headed by widows and disabled or aged persons.

 

The project strategies included an initial cash transfer pilot (in one community in Sokoto State) was done in 2012 with support from Catholic Relief Services (CRS). Caritas subsequently received independent funding from Caritas Internationalis to implement a one-year cash transfer and food voucher program in seven communities in Zamfara, Katsina and Jigawa States, in collaboration with the local Caritas.

 

Caritas Nigeria worked with the Justice Development and Peace/Caritas (JDPC) Desk Officers, to directly provide support to the target beneficiaries. Caritas Nigeria also collaborated with other Civil Society Organizations like the Federation Of Muslim Women Association in Nigeria (FOMWAN) and Jumaat Nasir Islam (JNI) to provide adequate support in the target communities.

 

The project was supported by Catholic Relief Services and Caritas Internationalis and ran from May 2012 – July 2013.

 

Building Capacity on Anti-Human Trafficking

In 2013, Caritas Nigeria organized a one day inaugural/capacity building meeting for Organizations and Church Partners working in the areas of Anti-Human Trafficking and Irregular Migration in Nigeria.

The purpose of the meeting was to sensitize participants about the various dangers associated with Anti-human trafficking and Migration and also to awaken their consciousness to constantly engage in activities that discourage this modern day slavery in volatile communities and societies.

 

The session drew 30 participants from Justice Development and Peace Commission (JDPC), Committee for the Support of Dignity Of Women (COSUDOW), National Agency for the Prohibition of Trafficking In Persons (NAPTIP), Lagos Archdiocesan Catholic Women Organization (CWO), OLA Sisters Ajara and Catholic Youths Organization of Nigeria (CYON), etc.

 

Awareness-creation in Uromi

Caritas Nigeria conducted awareness creation activities in Uromi, Esan North East of Edo State due to the high rate of travels of young boys and girls in the community, searching for greener pasture abroad.

Target
The target of this awareness creation activities were parents. The choice of the audience was necessary because majority of trafficked victims/survivors attested to the fact that they had travelled to alleviate the suffering of their parents.

 

In other words, it means the children sacrificed themselves to salvage the financial plight of their parents, although they usually never opened up to their parents about the fact that they were involved in sex business. Hence it was very important to bring to their knowledge what our girls suffer in Europe and other parts of the world just to make ends meet.

 

The topic for the awareness creation was titled an “Overview of Human Trafficking: The way forward” Main highlights of the talk centred on:
Definition of the term trafficking in persons with its constituent elements i.e Acts, Means and Purpose.
Forms of trafficking in Persons.(Internal & External)
Causes ie poverty, greed, ignorance, get-rich-quick syndrome and peer influence.
Effects: physical torture or abuse, Health hazards, Emotional trauma, psychological and Spiritual trauma.
Resolutions
At the end of the exercise, the followings strategies were proposed as ways to eradicating human trafficking:
Participants as stakeholders in their respective communities as civic group members were urged to be active and alert to know what happens in their surroundings so as to assist vulnerable persons and their families from falling prey to traffickers by enlightening their understanding on human trafficking.
Women should act as agents of change and instil good morals in their children right from home. These morals shape them from childhood to adulthood to face the realities of hard times.
Parents should desist from the culture of wealth celebration which often time instigate their children to go in search of money damning all negative consequences.
Youths in the community should report suspected cases of trafficking to the Anti-human trafficking desk in the nearest police station or report to NAPTIP via their toll free lines. Reports can also be made to the JDPC Office in the Diocese to assist in investigating and making appropriate referrals to the law enforcement agencies.

 

Sensitization of Alushi Community

Illushi is a farming and fishing community in Esan South East of Edo state, Nigeria where its children are usually sought after for domestic jobs in neighbouring towns and far away cities due to inability of their parents to cater for them.

This prompted a sensitization and awareness creation visit to the women group of the community to think first before sending their children to slavery in the name of fosterage or assistance.
The sensitization message centered on human trafficking and child labour with its antecedent effects. The talk which was done in pidgin language for their understanding took the following order:
What is Human Trafficking and Child Labour

Types of Human trafficking
Effect of Human Trafficking and Child Labour on the person and society at large.
Major routes of victims across border.
The way Forward:
Women groups to act as watchdog in the community, Women should desist from pressuring their female children to travel abroad in search of greener pastures, Women pay visits without notifying the homes their children are living to ascertain the type of maltreatment melted out on them, Women engage in more meaningful activities or trade that will help them cater for their children.
Women protect fellow women in society and disassociate themselves from associations or company which promote practices that dehumanize the dignity of women in society.
Women should preach the gospel of contentment to their children and dissuade them from searching for empty promises of a bright future outside Nigeria or even lure them into travelling.
If opportunities are available to travel, well informed choices be made to avoid falling prey to traffickers.
Families in rural areas desist from wealth celebrations and imbibe the concept of contentment.
The women welcomed the idea and thanked the desk officer for bringing this message to their door step as most of them were ignorant that their children could be prey to traffickers and abusers.

 

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